My daughter has seen the wrong end of my shotgun once, at 3 am when she was supposed to be at a sleepover, not coming home. And rattling pans in the kitchen with the lights off was just plain asking for the scare she got. Obviously plans changed. She learned to call first, just so we knew. No one was shot, I ALWAYS verify target before taking the safety off. Almost 20 years of teaching firearms safety just screwed that into my head. That being said I certainly do believe in the power of a 12 gauge racking shut. My daughter turned 3 shades of green, both hands FLEW into the air. I also believe there are circumstances where less than lethal force could be vital. Someone on a drunk, someone so angry they don't hear you, or similar situation where a person is into tunnel vision, concentrating on one thing. Like ripping the head off of someone you love. And if you don't have a shotgun, a slingshot is better than nothing. Or if you have young children and can't leave a shotgun where it is easily accessible. I can see a lot of situations where one quick shot to the solar plexus to disable, disarm delay someone while you reload or rethink your options could be a great option. However with today's sue happy criminals if you shoot one you'd best kill him. Some states are better than others in this regard.